## Background

In January 2021, an anonymous author circulated a paper titled Sunīti’s Ineligibility in ISKCON. An analysis of two statements made by Śrīla Prabhupāda (further on referred to as SI for brevity). SI attempts to analyse Śrīla Prabhupāda’s purport on SB 4.12.32 (or the “Sunīti pramāṇa”) with the aim to show that the purport does not prohibit women from acting as dīkṣā-gurus. In particular, SI posits that

Sunīti could not become Dhruva’s dīkṣā-guru on account of both her gender (woman) and role (mother) — and not just her gender.

The paper prompted a response from Kṛṣṇa-kīrti Prabhu, titled Śrīla Prabhupada on Suniti Devi: Only Woman, not Mother, is the Prohibited Category (further on referred to as OW). In OW, Kṛṣṇa-kīrti Prabhu argues that Sunīti’s role as Dhruva’s mother was immaterial for her ineligibility as Dhruva’s dīkṣā-guru because being a mother necessarily implies being a woman. He illustrated his conclusion, in part, with

elements of set theory.

OW, in turn, caused yet another response from SI’s author titled A Response to Krishna-kirti Prabhu’s Argument (referred to as RK). In RK the author points out what s/he sees as inconsistencies, unfounded assumptions, and fallacious extrapolations in OW. Particularly, RK argues that mothers are not always a subcategory of women, and objects to OW’s collapsing the two into one — women. As both sides make some valid points and both commit some logical omissions, it appears necessary to try and analyze the purport in terms of a formal and objective mathematical paradigm that naturally lends itself to the debate at hand — **set theory**

At below link you can read the whole research paper.

The Sunīti Pramāṇa and Set Theory

**BY MADANA-MOHANA DĀSA. **

**CONTRIBUTORS:** AKIÑCANĀ-RATI DĀSA, PHD (MATH.), DVIJA-GOVINDA DĀSA, PHD (MATH.), SUKUMĀRĪ-SUNDARĪ DEVĪ DĀSĪ, PHD (MATH.) ET AL. (FEBRUARY 2021)